1. About the Research Ethics Committee (REC):
All research must be reviewed and approved by Faculty of Pharmacy REC before it can be initiated. The REC has prepared a Research Ethics manual to serve as a guideline for researchers helping them in maintaining the integrity of their researches.
Research Ethics Manual - download here
The Faculty of pharmacy REC is a member in The Egyptian Network of Research ethics committees (ENREC) and has been registered in the US Office for human research protection (OHRP) as an active valid Institutional Review Board (IRB) with an IRB # 00010491.
REC open office hours:
The mission of the Ethics Committee (EC) is to provide a multidisciplinary forum for the analysis and discussion of ethical standards effecting patient care, professional education and community interests.
This mission is fulfilled through the Committee's advisory, educational, policy development, and service functions. The EC was established to formalize and specify the faculty commitment to promotion of high ethical standards in all of its operations. The purpose of the EC is to cultivate a pluralistic exchange of ethical values and concerns and to critically analyze that discussion for opportunities to enhance the ethical integrity of the Institution.
The EC, through its distinguished members, is charged with assisting both researchers and students in conducting their research and any other operations within a consistent ethical framework.
The EC, through its distinguished members, is charged with assisting researchers and students in the integration of ethical values into practice, policy, relationships, and organizational activities.
3. The Main Reasons why Ethical Approval is required:
In order for research to result in benefit and minimize risk of harm, it must be conducted ethically. MSA review processes are intended to ensure this whilst remaining sensitive to the needs of researchers& students.
The researcher will not be covered by the College's insurance if ethical approval was not obtained prior to commencement. This means that should a participant make a claim regarding the research, then the staff or student would be personally liable.
It is generally accepted that funders, such as research councils will not provide financial support for research that does not have ethical approval. Many publishers will now no longer accept for publication results of research that was not ethically approved. As such, researchers may need to present evidence of ethical approval in order to publish their results to the wider research community.
Participants have the right to know who has access to their data and what is being done with it. Changes to modern society have seen an increase in litigation as a means of solving disputes. If ethical approval has not been obtained, the individual researcher bears personal responsibility for any claim.
The aim of ethical review is to protect participants. They are a valuable part of the research process and not merely a means of accessing data. However, ethical review also helps to protect the researcher. By obtaining ethical approval you are demonstrating that you have adhered to the accepted ethical standards of a genuine research study which could increase recruitment potential.
4. Accepted Ethical Standards:
There are a number of ethical standards that have been accepted throughout Egypt and abroad which all researchers and ethical committees are expected to comply with: - Informed consent:
All participants must be fully informed of the study and what is being asked of them, including the potential risks/benefits and exclusion criteria, in order to make a fully informed decision about whether or not to participate in the research. This must be an active step on behalf of the participant and not due to any inducement, coercion or perceived pressure to participate. This is required of all participants in a research study, except where there is a justification for covert research or deception (such cases will be considered on an individual basis by the ethics committee).
- Benefit not harm:
Research involving human participants must have a benefit to society and the risks involved to participants must be balanced against the potential benefit to the overall community.
All participants have the right for their participation to remain confidential in that only the researcher will be aware who has participated. Generally all data will also be anonymous in the final report so that nothing can be attributed back to an individual participant. There are exceptions, for instance where participants wish to be identified or they cannot realistically have their identities kept confidential, but written informed consent must be obtained from the individual participant in advance.
5. Ethic Application Forms:
A- Ethics application form for undergraduate students:
1: Application form for graduation project research - download here
2: Complementary form for undergraduate project research - download here
B- Ethics application form for postgraduate researchers:
1: Application form for postgraduate research - download here
- Annex I - download here
- Annex II - download here
- Annex III - download here
2: Progress report for postgraduate research - download here
6. Other important documents (Arabic language version):